The Significance of the 7Ps in Service Marketing

The Significance of the 7Ps in Service Marketing

When you want to improve customer engagement in the service industry, analyzing their specific needs is crucial. The best way to do this is by following the 7P principles in Service Marketing. In this article, we will define Service Marketing, provide information about the 7Ps, and explain why it's important to outline the profile of potential customers in the most specific way.

What is Service Marketing?

In business, Service Marketing plays a pivotal role in satisfying customer needs through the provision and sale of services. To meet customer demands, Service Marketing involves key activities like: Conducting market research to discover service-related needs. Developing services that meet customer expectations, determining reasonable pricing, establishing a flexible supply system, and promoting service consumption. Constructing a business strategy and marketing plan for success and growth in this domain. Service marketing is distinct from product marketing as it enables personalization based on individual customer needs, often delivered through face-to-face interactions. Importantly, customers can often use the service immediately after purchase. To attract target customers and boost sales, service marketers often apply the 7P principles, building upon the traditional 4Ps of product marketing.

What are the 7Ps in Service Marketing? To aid in building and executing your marketing strategy, here are the 7Ps of service marketing:


Companies often view their services as intangible products. Since services can't be held, companies can save on packaging and transportation. Instead, they focus on conveying what their service includes and how it can meet customer desires and needs. Companies can also consider how their service package compares to competitors. A typical service package consists of four parts:

  • Place where customers can access the service
  • Additional products customers can purchase while using the service (e.g., hair conditioning after hair dye service)
  • Immediate, existing benefits after service use (e.g., the excitement of a new hairstyle)
  • Underlying psychological benefits (e.g., increased confidence after a haircut)


Price strategy reflects how customers respond to immediate costs, recurring fees, and discount programs. Customers often use price to predict service quality. So, if a high-quality service is offered, a company can likely charge a higher price. Factors companies might consider in price strategy include:

  • Fixed costs like advertising, rent, and insurance
  • Labor and material expenses
  • Competitors' service prices


Given that service-based businesses often require direct customer interaction, location is critical. Customers typically purchase services close to where they live, meaning a business can sell if it selects a location near its target audience. "Place" also refers to where and when a business advertises. Factors tied to location that companies consider include:

  • Customer commute patterns
  • Customer access by walking or driving
  • Where a business advertises online
  • Where competitors are located


Promotion focuses on making potential customers aware of a brand and helping them understand the quality of its services. Since companies often provide similar services to competitors, using promotional material can set a company apart. Businesses achieve this by advertising regularly and targeting their ads to address the desires and needs of their target audience. Common advertising methods include:

  • Contests
  • Livestream events
  • Endorsements from influencers
  • Social media advertising


This section addresses those who directly interact with a business's customers. These individuals can influence customer satisfaction and the quality of the services they provide, as customers link the service to the service provider. Effective customer care and support can encourage customers to return for additional services and recommend your brand to their friends. Companies reinforce customer service through various methods, including:

  • Training staff in customer greetings, addressing service-related queries, and solving customer challenges
  • Creating a service script for staff to ensure a consistent customer experience
  • Establishing supplementary sales processes for staff to introduce customers to additional services


Process refers to how a company delivers its service. This encompasses how staff greet and welcome customers, deliver services, handle payments, and resolve arising issues. An effective service process can lead to a satisfying customer experience, making customers comfortable and content with the service. Companies can create an effective process by:

  • Assessing the current process and identifying areas for improvement
  • Utilizing technology to streamline the process, such as an online ordering system or automated payment system
  • Prioritizing efficient and effective service delivery

Physical Evidence

Companies must ensure that they have the capability to deliver the services they advertise. Physical evidence refers to the availability of resources, personnel, and skills to deliver services efficiently and with quality. Companies should ensure they have sufficient staff and resources to meet customer needs and maintain service quality. Companies may also invest in staff training and technology updates to enhance their capabilities.


The 7Ps of service marketing provide a useful framework for building an effective marketing strategy. By researching and applying these elements, you can improve your marketing approach, enhance customer satisfaction, and generate benefits for your business.

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